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Re: performance loss on real time linux
Dieter Kluenter wrote:
Due to a real time scheduler I was expecting the results to be vice
Can a RT scheduler or other modifications to the operating system
a negative influence on performance of OpenLDAP?
You can't expect results to be any better than under non-RT os, since
a RT-scheduler will always add overhead to non-RT processes since it
will preempt much more than a normal OS. I have no experience with
Monta-Vista, however my institution (Politecnico di Milano) develops
RTAI, the Real-Time Application Interface for Linux
(http://www.rtai.org/); I'll check what happens when running OpenLDAP
In the meanwhile, can you tell something more about Monta Vista's
handling of RT? Does it include the PREEMPT_RT patch, which will
likely become part of Linux in a year or so, or does it rather
implement some custom support to handle preemption?
I don't know much about Montavista yet, as they are more than
restrictive about their information policy. But they claim to have
introduced a preemtive kernel in 1999 and their preemtive patch is now
a standard kernel option for 2.6 kernels.
About your test: are your results an average over a realistic number
of trials? Is the database entirely in cache or does it require any
access to disk? Mallocs under a real-time scheduler might also
represent a significant bottleneck; in this case, slapd should really
handle memory internally, to minimize the amount of system calls.
My results are actually the last result of about 20 test runs, but
after a warm up time of 5 runs, they didn't vary much.
Both machines have 2GB ram and this are the settings for DB_CONFIG
set_cachesize 0 20000000 0
I didn't notice hardly any disk access during the initial tests.
I don't know how much this could be of any help, but today I tried to
run a simple test using OpenLDAP 2.3.28 running on Linux 2.6.17 with
RTAI, compared to the stock 18.104.22.168 kernel f the distribution used on
that PC. I created a database with ~10000 users, fully indexed and
fully cacheable (cachesize 10000). What I found (strange enough) is
that the execution time of ldapsearch would differ a lot on the two
systems, but sort of the reverse of what you experienced. I checked few
- entry not yet in cache vs. entry already in cache
- system unloaded vs. system heavily loaded
in the case of RTAI, I also considered some hard real-time load, which
gets the highest priority and accurate scheduling.
- searching for an entry not in cache, w/ RTAI, requires a little bit
longer than w/o RTAI; this requires access to disk; but
- searching for the same entry, after it's in cache, requires ~0.008s w/
RTAI, and ~0.080s w/o RTAI (ten times longer! It's a slightly different
kernel, but running on exactly the same machine, so, without too much
investigation, I have no clue about the exact reason)
- under load (repeated disk and network access), the above entry in
cache times are occasionally delayed, but not that much, on both
systems. w/ RTAI the average goes to ~0.010s, with peaks to ~0.020s;
w/o RTAI no significant extra delay is added to the ~0.080s. The latter
case makes sense, since the system already appears significantly delayed.
- under hard RT load (30% of one CPU, and 15% of the other CPU on a dual
CPU system), performances drop significantly; occasionally, the response
time for not-in-cache entry, which requires access to disk, may raise to
~0.500s, with an average above ~0.100s. The response time when the
entry is in cache is not significantly worse than in the case with
non-RT load, ~0.020s.
This seems to indicate that with a (possibly) different hard RT
scheduling there is no significant impact on basic OpenLDAP's slapd
performances, so its design seems to have no impact on its execution in
conjunction with RT schedulers. I have no clue, right now, about how
the two RT systems compare.
I would like to acknowledge the support of Paolo Mantegazza, the main
developer of RTAI, in performing those tests with a devel snapshot
(called "magma") of that system; it should not differ from recent
releases (3.4) in terms of scheduling policies and related issues.
Ing. Pierangelo Masarati
OpenLDAP Core Team
Via Dossi, 8 - 27100 Pavia - ITALIA