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Re: why is openldap not recognizing MD5 passwords?

Jonathan Abbey wrote:
On Thu, Jan 04, 2007 at 09:55:25PM +0100, Pierangelo Masarati wrote:

| This doesn't look like a MD5 password; the value slapd expects is | something like
| | slappasswd -h '{md5}' -s testpw
| {MD5}ju4+/d4ets9mOaWISDYr9A==
| | Your value looks much like some extension to crypt(3) that allows to use | strong(er) encryption than usual crypt(3) by providing a specially | crafted salt. In that case, assuming you compiled slapd with {CRYPT} | support using the same crypt(3) that generated that hash you should be | able to use that secret by using the {CRYPT} scheme instead of {MD5}. | You need to realize, of course, that this data is not portable.

That's a bit strong.  The algorithm in question is the MD5Crypt
algorithm, which originated in FreeBSD, and is now supported in
FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Linux, Solaris, and Mac OS X, among others,
presumably, as well as in Apache (though very slightly mutated in
Apache, for no good reason).  In addition, there are libraries
available in lots of languages which implement this algorithm.

The MD5Crypt algorithm has a couple of nice properties which make it
far stronger than simple MD5 usage.

First, it is salted, so as to resist dictionary attacks against
leaked hash text.

Second, it incorporates 1000 rounds of md5 so as to try and increase
the cpu requirements for a password match, again for the purpose of
resisting attack against the hash text.  This level of CPU intensity
is hardly meaningful in current systems, but it is some small level of
protection still.

A good discussion of secure password formats can be found at


for those interested.

It's a pity that OpenLDAP does not support MD5Crypt, but for the
present purposes, it's probably more a pity that it is so easy for
naive users to confuse MD5 hashing with MD5Crypt.

OpenLDAP does support MD5Crypt. For that matter use {crypt} and define a different salt method in your slapd.conf
(see password-crypt-salt-format in slapd.conf man page).

Linux and *nix systems that support MD5Crypt usually support and recognize both ciphers out-of-the-box since they are in fact different at plain sight. If using {crypt} you can in fact mix old crypt and md5crypt in your database. The salt method defined in slapd.conf is only used for LDAP password modify extended operations.

Hugo Monteiro.


| p.
| which is base64 encoded; the non-base64 string is expected to be 16 | bytes long (128 bits).
| | p.
| | Ing. Pierangelo Masarati
| OpenLDAP Core Team
| | SysNet s.n.c.
| Via Dossi, 8 - 27100 Pavia - ITALIA
| http://www.sys-net.it
| ------------------------------------------
| Office: +39.02.23998309
| Mobile: +39.333.4963172
| Email: pierangelo.masarati@sys-net.it
| ------------------------------------------

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Hugo Monteiro
Email	 : hugo.monteiro@fct.unl.pt
Telefone : +351 212948300 Ext.15307

Centro de Informática
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		   Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Quinta da Torre   2829-516 Caparica   Portugal
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