Diff for /doc/man/man3/ldap.3 between versions 1.22 and 1.34.2.4

version 1.22, 2002/01/13 11:55:55 version 1.34.2.4, 2005/11/03 18:02:55
Line 1 Line 1
 .TH LDAP 3 "13 January 2002" "OpenLDAP LDVERSION"  .TH LDAP 3 "RELEASEDATE" "OpenLDAP LDVERSION"
 .\" $OpenLDAP: pkg/ldap/doc/man/man3/ldap.3,v 1.21 2002/01/04 20:17:34 kurt Exp $  .\" $OpenLDAP: pkg/ldap/doc/man/man3/ldap.3,v 1.34.2.3 2005/08/29 18:26:09 kurt Exp $
 .\" Copyright 1998-2002 The OpenLDAP Foundation All Rights Reserved.  .\" Copyright 1998-2005 The OpenLDAP Foundation All Rights Reserved.
 .\" Copying restrictions apply.  See COPYRIGHT/LICENSE.  .\" Copying restrictions apply.  See COPYRIGHT/LICENSE.
 .SH NAME  .SH NAME
 ldap - OpenLDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol API  ldap - OpenLDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol API
   .SH LIBRARY
   OpenLDAP LDAP (libldap, -lldap)
 .SH SYNOPSIS  .SH SYNOPSIS
 .nf  .nf
 .ft B  .ft B
Line 12  ldap - OpenLDAP Lightweight Directory Ac Line 14  ldap - OpenLDAP Lightweight Directory Ac
 .fi  .fi
 .SH DESCRIPTION  .SH DESCRIPTION
 .LP  .LP
 The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol provides access to X.500  The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) (RFC 3377) provides
 directory services.  The services may be stand\-alone or part of  access to X.500 directory services.  These services may be stand\-alone
 a distributed directory service.  This API supports LDAP over TCP  or part of a distributed directory service.  This client API supports
 (RFC2251), LDAP over SSL, and LDAP over IPC (UNIX domain sockets).  LDAP over TCP (RFC2251), LDAP over TLS/SSL, and LDAP over IPC (UNIX
 This API supports SASL (RFC2829) and Start TLS (RFC2830).  This  domain sockets).  This API supports SASL (RFC2829) and Start TLS
 API is based upon IETF C LDAP API draft specification, a work in  (RFC2830) as well as a number of protocol extensions.  This API is
 progress.  loosely based upon IETF/LDAPEXT C LDAP API draft specification, a (orphaned)
   work in progress.
 .LP  .LP
 The OpenLDAP Software package includes a stand\-alone server in  The OpenLDAP Software package includes a stand\-alone server in
 .BR slapd (8),  .BR slapd (8),
Line 32  These routines are found in the \-lldap Line 35  These routines are found in the \-lldap
 .LP  .LP
 The basic interaction is as follows.  A session handle is  The basic interaction is as follows.  A session handle is
 created using  created using
 .BR ldap_init (3)  
 or  
 .BR ldap_initialize (3).  
 (The  
 .BR ldap_initialize (3)  .BR ldap_initialize (3)
 routine is preferred, but is not part of the draft specification.)  and set the protocol version to 3 by calling
 The underlying session is established upon first use which is  .BR ldap_set_option (3).
 commonly an LDAP bind operation.  The LDAP bind operation is  The underlying session is established first operation is
 performed by calling  issued.  This would generally be a Start TLS or Bind operation.
   A Start TLS operation is performed by calling
   .BR ldap_start_tls_s (3).
   A LDAP bind operation is performed by calling
 .BR ldap_sasl_bind (3)  .BR ldap_sasl_bind (3)
 or one of its friends.  Next, other operations are performed  or one of its friends.  Subsequently, other operations are performed
 by calling one of the synchronous or asynchronous routines (e.g.,  by calling one of the synchronous or asynchronous routines (e.g.,
 .BR ldap_search_ext_s (3)  .BR ldap_search_ext_s (3)
 or  or
Line 56  The LDAP association and underlying conn Line 58  The LDAP association and underlying conn
 .BR ldap_unbind_ext (3).  .BR ldap_unbind_ext (3).
 Errors can be interpreted by calling  Errors can be interpreted by calling
 .BR ldap_err2string (3).  .BR ldap_err2string (3).
 .SH SEARCH FILTERS  .SH LDAP versions
 Search filters to be passed to the ldap search routines are to be  This library supports version 3 of the Lightweight Directory Access
 constructed by hand and should conform to RFC 2254.  Protocol (LDAPv3) as defined in RFC 3377.  It also supports a variant
   of version 2 of LDAP as defined by U-Mich LDAP and, to some degree,
   RFC 1777.  Version 2 (all variants) should be viewed as obsolete.
   Version 3 should be used instead.
   .LP
   For backwards compatibility reasons, the library defaults to version 2.
   Hence, all new applications (and all actively maintained applications)
   should use
   .BR ldap_set_option (3)
   to select version 3.  The library manual pages assume version 3
   has been selected.
   .SH INPUT and OUTPUT PARAMETERS
   All character string input/output is expected to be/is UTF\-8
   encoded Unicode (version 3.2). 
   .LP
   Distinguished names (DN) (and relative distinguished names (RDN) to
   be passed to the LDAP routines should conform to RFC 2253 UTF\-8
   string representation. 
   .LP
   Search filters to be passed to the search routines are to be
   constructed by hand and should conform to RFC 2254 UTF\-8
   string representation.
   .LP
   LDAP URL are to be passed to routines are expected to conform
   to RFC 2255 syntax.  The
   .BR ldap_url (3)
   routines can be used to work with LDAP URLs.
 .SH DISPLAYING RESULTS  .SH DISPLAYING RESULTS
 Results obtained from the ldap search routines can be output by hand,  Results obtained from the search routines can be output by hand,
 by calling  by calling
 .BR ldap_first_entry (3)  .BR ldap_first_entry (3)
 and  and
Line 74  to step through an entry's attributes, a Line 102  to step through an entry's attributes, a
 .BR ldap_get_values (3)  .BR ldap_get_values (3)
 to retrieve a given attribute's values.  Attribute values  to retrieve a given attribute's values.  Attribute values
 may or may not be displayable.  may or may not be displayable.
 .SH CONTROLS  
 LDAP operations can be extended through the use of controls. Controls  
 can be sent to a server or returned to the client with any LDAP message.  
 Extended versions of the standard routines are available for use with  
 controls. These routines are generally named by adding  
 .BR _ext  
 to the regular routine's name.  
 .SH UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATORS (URLS)  
 The  
 .BR ldap_url (3)  
 routines can be used to test a URL to see if it is an LDAP URL, to parse LDAP  
 URLs into their component pieces, and to initiate searches directly using  
 an LDAP URL.  
 .SH CACHING  
 The  
 .BR ldap_cache (3)  
 routines implement a local client caching scheme,  
 providing a substantial performance increase for repeated queries.  
 Caching is experiemental.  
 .SH UTILITY ROUTINES  .SH UTILITY ROUTINES
 Also provided are various utility routines.  The  Also provided are various utility routines.  The
 .BR ldap_sort (3)  .BR ldap_sort (3)
Line 114  and Line 123  and
 .BR lber\-types (3).  .BR lber\-types (3).
 .SH INDEX  .SH INDEX
 .TP 20  .TP 20
 .SM ldap_open(3)  
 open a connection to an LDAP server (deprecated, use  
 .BR ldap_init (3))  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_init(3)  
 initialize the LDAP library without opening a connection to a server  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_initialize(3)  .SM ldap_initialize(3)
 initialize the LDAP library without opening a connection to a server  initialize the LDAP library without opening a connection to a server
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_result(3)  .SM ldap_result(3)
 wait for the result from an asynchronous operation  wait for the result from an asynchronous operation
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_abandon(3)  .SM ldap_abandon_ext(3)
 abandon (abort) an asynchronous operation  abandon (abort) an asynchronous operation
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_add(3)  .SM ldap_add_ext(3)
 asynchronously add an entry  asynchronously add an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_add_s(3)  .SM ldap_add_ext_s(3)
 synchronously add an entry  synchronously add an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_bind(3)  .SM ldap_sasl_bind(3)
 asynchronously bind to the directory  asynchronously bind to the directory
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_bind_s(3)  .SM ldap_sasl_bind_s(3)
 synchronously bind to the directory  synchronously bind to the directory
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_simple_bind(3)  .SM ldap_unbind_ext(3)
 asynchronously bind to the directory using simple authentication  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_simple_bind_s(3)  
 synchronously bind to the directory using simple authentication  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_unbind(3)  
 synchronously unbind from the LDAP server and close the connection  synchronously unbind from the LDAP server and close the connection
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_unbind_s(3)  .SM ldap_unbind(3) and ldap_unbind_s(3) are
 equivalent to  equivalent to
 .BR ldap_unbind (3)  .BR ldap_unbind_ext (3)
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_memfree (3)  .SM ldap_memfree(3)
 dispose of memory allocated by LDAP routines.  dispose of memory allocated by LDAP routines.
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_enable_cache(3)  .SM ldap_compare_ext(3)
 enable LDAP client caching  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_disable_cache(3)  
 disable LDAP client caching  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_destroy_cache(3)  
 disable LDAP client caching and destroy cache contents  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_flush_cache(3)  
 flush LDAP client cache  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_uncache_entry(3)  
 uncache requests pertaining to an entry  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_uncache_request(3)  
 uncache a request  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_set_cache_options(3)  
 set cache options  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_compare(3)  
 asynchronously compare to a directory entry  asynchronously compare to a directory entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_compare_s(3)  .SM ldap_compare_ext_s(3)
 synchronously compare to a directory entry  synchronously compare to a directory entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_delete(3)  .SM ldap_delete_ext(3)
 asynchronously delete an entry  asynchronously delete an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_delete_s(3)  .SM ldap_delete_ext_s(3)
 synchronously delete an entry  synchronously delete an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_perror(3)  
 print an LDAP error indication to standard error  
 .TP  
 .SM ld_errno(3)  .SM ld_errno(3)
 LDAP error indication  LDAP error indication
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_result2error(3)  
 extract LDAP error indication from LDAP result  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_errlist(3)  .SM ldap_errlist(3)
 list of LDAP errors and their meanings  list of LDAP errors and their meanings
 .TP  .TP
Line 224  return number of entries in a search res Line 193  return number of entries in a search res
 .SM ldap_get_dn(3)  .SM ldap_get_dn(3)
 extract the DN from an entry  extract the DN from an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_explode_dn(3)  
 convert a DN into its component parts  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_explode_rdn(3)  
 convert an RDN into its component parts  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_get_values(3)  
 return an attribute's values  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_get_values_len(3)  .SM ldap_get_values_len(3)
 return an attribute's values with lengths  return an attribute's values with lengths
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_value_free(3)  
 free memory allocated by ldap_get_values(3)  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_value_free_len(3)  .SM ldap_value_free_len(3)
 free memory allocated by ldap_get_values_len(3)  free memory allocated by ldap_get_values_len(3)
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_count_values(3)  
 return number of values  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_count_values_len(3)  .SM ldap_count_values_len(3)
 return number of values  return number of values
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_modify(3)  .SM ldap_modify_ext(3)
 asynchronously modify an entry  asynchronously modify an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_modify_s(3)  .SM ldap_modify_ext_s(3)
 synchronously modify an entry  synchronously modify an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_mods_free(3)  .SM ldap_mods_free(3)
 free array of pointers to mod structures used by ldap_modify(3)  free array of pointers to mod structures used by ldap_modify_ext(3)
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_modrdn2(3)  
 asynchronously modify the RDN of an entry  
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_modrdn2_s(3)  .SM ldap_rename(3)
 synchronously modify the RDN of an entry  asynchronously rename an entry
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_modrdn(3)  .SM ldap_rename_s(3)
 deprecated - use ldap_modrdn2(3)  synchronously rename an entry
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_modrdn_s(3)  
 depreciated - use ldap_modrdn2_s(3)  
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_msgfree(3)  .SM ldap_msgfree(3)
 free results allocated by ldap_result(3)  free results allocated by ldap_result(3)
Line 278  return the message type of a message fro Line 226  return the message type of a message fro
 .SM ldap_msgid(3)  .SM ldap_msgid(3)
 return the message id of a message from ldap_result(3)  return the message id of a message from ldap_result(3)
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_search(3)  .SM ldap_search_ext(3)
 asynchronously search the directory  asynchronously search the directory
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_search_s(3)  .SM ldap_search_ext_s(3)
 synchronously search the directory  synchronously search the directory
 .TP  .TP
 .SM ldap_search_st(3)  
 synchronously search the directory with timeout  
 .TP  
 .SM ldap_is_ldap_url(3)  .SM ldap_is_ldap_url(3)
 check a URL string to see if it is an LDAP URL  check a URL string to see if it is an LDAP URL
 .TP  .TP
Line 302  sort a list of attribute values Line 247  sort a list of attribute values
 .SM ldap_sort_strcasecmp(3)  .SM ldap_sort_strcasecmp(3)
 case insensitive string comparison  case insensitive string comparison
 .SH SEE ALSO  .SH SEE ALSO
 .BR slapd (8)  .BR ldap.conf (5),
   .BR slapd (8),
 .BR draft-ietf-ldapext-ldap-c-api-xx.txt \ <http://www.ietf.org>  .BR draft-ietf-ldapext-ldap-c-api-xx.txt \ <http://www.ietf.org>
 .SH ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  .SH ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
 .B      OpenLDAP  .B OpenLDAP
 is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project (http://www.openldap.org/).  is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project (http://www.openldap.org/).
 .B      OpenLDAP  .B OpenLDAP
 is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.    is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.  
 .LP  .LP
 These API manual pages are based upon descriptions provided in the  These API manual pages are loosely based upon descriptions provided
 IETF C LDAP API Internet Draft, a work in progress, edited by  in the IETF/LDAPEXT C LDAP API Internet Draft, a (orphaned) work
 Mark Smith.  in progress.
   

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