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- To: OpenLDAPfirstname.lastname@example.org
- Subject: back-mdb status
- From: Howard Chu <email@example.com>
- Date: Mon, 12 Sep 2011 16:42:22 -0700
- User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:7.0a1) Gecko/20110612 Firefox/7.0a1 SeaMonkey/2.4a1
A bit of a summary of how the backend is shaping up. I've been testing with a
variety of synthetic LDIFs as well as an actual application database (Zimbra
I noted before that back-mdb's write speeds on disk are quite slow. This is
because a lot of its writes will be to random disk pages, and also the data
writes in a transaction commit are followed by a meta page write, which always
involves a seek to page 0 or page 1 of the DB file. For slapadd -q this effect
can be somewhat hidden because the writes are done with MDB_NOSYNC specified,
so no explicit flushes are performed. In my current tests with synchronous
writes, back-mdb is one half the speed of back-bdb/hdb.
(Even in fully synchronous mode, BDB only writes its transaction logs
synchronously, and those are always sequential writes so there's no seek
overhead to deal with.)
With that said, slapadd -q for a 3.2M entry database on a tmpfs:
back-hdb: real 75m32.678s user 84m31.733s sys 1m0.316s
back-mdb: real 63m51.048s user 50m23.125s sys 13m27.958s
For back-hdb, BDB was configured with a 32GB environment cache. The resulting
DB directory consumed 14951004KB including data files and environment files.
For back-mdb, MDB was configured with a 32GB mapsize. The resulting DB
directory consumed 18299832KB. The input LDIF was 2.7GB, and there were 29
attributes indexed. Currently MDB is somewhat wasteful with space when dealing
with the sorted-duplicate databases that are used for indexing, there's
definitely room for improvement here.
Also this slapadd was done with tool-threads set to 1, because back-mdb only
allows one writer at a time anyway. There is also obviously room for
improvement here, in terms of a bulk-loading API for the MDB library.
With the DB loaded, the time to execute a search that scans every entry in the
DB was performed against each server.
Initially back-hdb was only configured with a cachesize of 10000 and
IDLcachesize of 10000. It was tested again using a cachesize of 5,000,000
(which is more than was needed since the DB only contained 3,200,100 entries).
In each configuration a search was performed twice - once to measure the time
to go from an empty cache to a fully primed cache, and again to measure the
time for the fully cached search.
first second slapd size
back-hdb, 10K cache 3m6.906s 1m39.835s 7.3GB
back-hdb, 5M cache 3m12.596s 0m10.984s 46.8GB
back-mdb 0m19.420s 0m16.625s 7.0GB
Next, the time to execute multiple instances of this search was measured,
using 2, 4, 8, and 16 ldapsearch instances running concurrently.
average result time
2 4 8 16
back-hdb, 5M 0m14.147s 0m17.384s 0m45.665s 17m15.114s
back-mdb 0m16.701s 0m16.688s 0m16.621 0m16.955s
I don't recall doing this test against back-hdb on ada.openldap.org before,
certainly the total blowup at 16 searches was unexpected. But as you can see,
with no read locks in back-mdb, search performance is pretty much independent
of load. At 16 threads back-mdb slowed down measurably, but that's
understandable given that the rest of the system still needed CPU cycles here
and there. Otherwise, slapd was running at 1600% CPU the entire time. For
back-hdb, slapd maxed out at 1467% CPU, the lock overhead drove it into the
So far I'm pretty pleased with the results; for the most part back-mdb is
delivering on what I expected. Decoding each entry every time is a bit of a
slowdown, compared to having entries fully cached. But the cost disappears as
soon as you get more than a couple requests running at once.
Overall I believe it proves the basic philosophy - in this day and age, it's a
waste of application developers' time to incorporate a caching layer into
their own code. The OS already does it and does it well. Give yourself as
transparent a path as possible between RAM and disk using mmap, and don't fuss
with it any further.
-- Howard Chu
CTO, Symas Corp. http://www.symas.com
Director, Highland Sun http://highlandsun.com/hyc/
Chief Architect, OpenLDAP http://www.openldap.org/project/