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contextCSN interaction between syncrepl and syncprov

The remaining errors and race condition that test058 demonstrates cannot be solved unless syncrepl is changed to always store the contextCSN in the suffix of the database where it is configured, not the suffix of its glue database as it does today.

Assuming serverID 0 is reserved for the single master case, syncrepl and syncprov can in that case only be configured within the same database context if syncprov is a pure forwarding server I.e, it will not update any CSN value and syncrepl have no need to fetch any values from it.

In the multi-master case it is only the contextCSN whose SID matches the current serverID that syncprov maintains, the other are all received by syncrepl. So, the only time syncrepl should need an updated CSN from syncprov is when it is about to present it to its peer, i.e when it initiates a refresh phase. Actually, a race condition that would render the state of the database undetermined could occur if syncrepl fetches an updated CSN from syncprov during the initial refresh phase. So, it should be sufficient to read the contextCSN values from the database before a new refresh phase is initiated, independent of whether syncprov is in use or not.

Syncrepl will receive updates to the contextCSN value with its own SID from its peers, at least with ITS#5972 and ITS#5973 in place. I.e, the normal ignoring of updates tagged with a too old contextCSN value will continue to work. It should also be safe to ignore all updates tagged with a contextCSN or entryCSN value whose SID is the current servers non-zero serverID, provided a complete refresh cycle is known to have taken place. I.e, when a contextCSN value with the current non-zero serverID was read from the database before the refresh phase started, or after the persistent phase have been entered.

The state of the database will be undetermined unless an initial refresh (i.e starting from an empty database or CSN set) have been run to completion. I cannot see how this can be avoided, and as far as I know it is so now too. It might be worth mentioning in the doc. though (unless it already is).

Syncprov must continue to monitor the contextCSN updates from syncrepl. When it receives updates destined for the suffix of the database it itself is configured it must replace any CSN value whose SID matches its own non-zero serverID with the value it manages itself (which should be greater or equal to the value syncrepl tried to store unless something is seriously wrong). Updates to "foreign" contextCSN values (i.e those with a SID not matching the current non-zero serverID) should be imported into the set of contextCSN values syncprov itself maintain. Syncprov could also short-circuit the contextCSN update and delay it to its own checkpoint. I'm not sure what effect the checkpoint feature have today when syncrepl constantly updates the contextCSN..

Syncprov must, when syncrepl updates the contextCSN in the suffix of a subordinate DB, update its own knowledge of the "foreign" CSNs to be the *lowest* CSN with any given SID stored in all the subordinate DBs (where syncrepl is configured). And no update must take place unless a contextCSN value have been stored in *all* the syncrepl-enabled subordinate DBs. Any values matching the current non-zero serverID should be updated in this case too, but a new value should probably not be inserted.

These changes should (unless I'm completely lost that is..) create a cleaner interface between syncrepl and syncprov without harming the current multi-master configurations, and make asymmetric multiple masters configurations like the one in test058 work. Comments please?